A Search Engine is a website that allows you to search the Internet via the World Wide Web. By typing a key word into a search engine, the engine will show as many articles that contain the key word(s) that you typed in.

Some examples of search engines are google, Yahoo! Search, and


The very first tool used for searching on the Internet was Archie [1].

The name stands for "archive" without the "v". It was created in 1990 by Alan Emtage [2], a student at McGill University in Montreal. The program downloaded the directory listings of all the files located on public anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) sites, creating a searchable database of filenames, but Archie could not search by file contents.

While Archie indexed computer files, Gopher indexed plain text documents. Gopher was created in 1991 by Mark McCahill at the University of Minnesota: Gopher was named after the school's Minnesota Golden Gophers mascot. Because these were text files, most of the Gopher sites became websites after the creation of the World Wide Web.

Two other programs,Veronica and Jughead, searched the files stored in Gopher index systems. Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) provided a keyword search of most Gopher menu titles in the entire Gopher listings. Jughead (Jonzy's Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation And Display) was a tool for obtaining menu information from various Gopher servers.

note: "Launch" refers only to web
availability of original crawl-based
web search engine results.
Year Engine Event
1993 Aliweb Launch
1994 WebCrawler Launch
Infoseek Launch
Lycos Launch
1995 AltaVista Launch (part of Digital Equipment Corporation|DEC)
Excite Launch
1996 Dogpile Launch
Inktomi Founded
Ask Jeeves Founded
1997 Northern Light Group|Northern Light Launch
1998 Google (search engine)|Google Launch
1999 AlltheWeb Launch
1999 Baidu Founded
2000 Singingfish Launch
2000 Teoma Founded
2000 Vivisimo Founded
2003 Launch
2003 Objects Search Launch
2004 Yahoo! Search Final launch
(first original results)
MSN Search Beta launch
2005 MSN Search Final launch
2006 Quaero Founded Launch
Windows Live Search Launch

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